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Life History Traits Impact the Nuclear Rate of Substitution but Not the Mitochondrial Rate in Isopods

Abstract : The rate of molecular evolution varies widely among species. Life history traits (LHTs) have been proposed as a major driver of these variations. However, the relative contribution of each trait is poorly understood. Here, we test the influence of metabolic rate (MR), longevity, and generation time (GT) on the nuclear and mitochondrial synonymous substitution rates using a group of isopod species that have made multiple independent transitions to subterranean environments. Subterranean species have repeatedly evolved a lower MR, a longer lifespan and a longer GT. We assem- bled the nuclear transcriptomes and the mitochondrial genomes of 13 pairs of closely related isopods, each pair com- posed of one surface and one subterranean species. We found that subterranean species have a lower rate of nuclear synonymous substitution than surface species whereas the mitochondrial rate remained unchanged. We propose that this decoupling between nuclear and mitochondrial rates comes from different DNA replication processes in these two compartments. In isopods, the nuclear rate is probably tightly controlled by GT alone. In contrast, mitochondrial genomes appear to replicate and mutate at a rate independent of LHTs. These results are incongruent with previous studies, which were mostly devoted to vertebrates. We suggest that this incongruence can be explained by developmental differences between animal clades, with a quiescent period during female gametogenesis in mammals and birds which imposes a nuclear and mitochondrial rate coupling, as opposed to the continuous gametogenesis observed in most arthropods.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01951580
Contributor : Nathalie Lyvet Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, December 11, 2018 - 3:05:35 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 23, 2021 - 4:38:01 PM

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Nathanaëlle Saclier, Clémentine François, Lara Konecny-Dupré, Nicolas Lartillot, Laurent Guéguen, et al.. Life History Traits Impact the Nuclear Rate of Substitution but Not the Mitochondrial Rate in Isopods. Molecular Biology and Evolution, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2018, 35 (12), pp.2900-2912. ⟨10.1093/molbev/msy184⟩. ⟨hal-01951580⟩

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