The Giant Radio Array for Neutrino Detection (GRAND): Science and Design

Abstract : The Giant Radio Array for Neutrino Detection (GRAND) is a planned large-scale observatory of ultra-high-energy (UHE) cosmic particles, with energies exceeding 10$^{8}$ GeV. Its goal is to solve the long-standing mystery of the origin of UHE cosmic rays. To do this, GRAND will detect an unprecedented number of UHE cosmic rays and search for the undiscovered UHE neutrinos and gamma rays associated to them with unmatched sensitivity. GRAND will use large arrays of antennas to detect the radio emission coming from extensive air showers initiated by UHE particles in the atmosphere. Its design is modular: 20 separate, independent sub-arrays, each of 10000 radio antennas deployed over 10000 km$^{2}$. A staged construction plan will validate key detection techniques while achieving important science goals early. Here we present the science goals, detection strategy, preliminary design, performance goals, and construction plans for GRAND.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 13, 2018 - 10:35:45 PM
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Jaime Alvarez-Muñiz, Rafael Alves Batista, Aswathi Balagopal V., Julien Bolmont, Mauricio Bustamante, et al.. The Giant Radio Array for Neutrino Detection (GRAND): Science and Design. Sci.China Phys.Mech.Astron., 2020, 63 (1), pp.219501. ⟨10.1007/s11433-018-9385-7⟩. ⟨hal-01921641⟩

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