Développement des virtothèques ostéologiques en anthropologie biologique et en paléopathologie. Application aux traumatismes de guerre de la période napoléonienne (Retraite de Russie, décembre 1812), première analyse virtuelle de paléo-balistique

Abstract : In the field of archaeology, the constitution of osteological collections having a methodological purpose (reference series) or heritage interest (archaeological collections) is a necessity for anthropology, zooarchaeology, paleontology and paleopathology. These collections raise specific questions about their status and their acquisition terms. Advances of digital sciences in the field of documentation led to the concept of digital collections in terms of “virtual libraries” and allowed the development of “virtual museums”. We present here the application of the digital chain VIRCOPAL® on some pathological bones that reveal war traumas, coming from a mass grave of Napoleonic French soldiers dating from the Retreat from Russia (Königsberg 1812). This “digital bone library” is a major issue in terms of heritage preservation and valorisation but also in terms of research for the study of inner structures of these original specimens that are rare, fragile and remotely located from the place of study.
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Hélène Coqueugniot, Bruno Dutailly, Pascal Desbarats, Alexandra Buzhilova, Olivier Dutour. Développement des virtothèques ostéologiques en anthropologie biologique et en paléopathologie. Application aux traumatismes de guerre de la période napoléonienne (Retraite de Russie, décembre 1812), première analyse virtuelle de paléo-balistique. Virtual Retrospect 2013, Robert Vergnieux, Nov 2013, Pessac, France. pp.57-62. ⟨hal-01919060⟩

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