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La carrière gallo-romaine de Saint-Boil (Saône-et-Loire)

Abstract : The Gallo-Roman quarry of Saint-Boil was found in 1971. Each stage of extraction is readable in this site, from the first cuttings along a break, to the last ones being abandoned with in between the successive operations on horizontal layers. Particular techniques can also be studied, applied to specific uses in ornamental architecture such as columns. The originality lies in the fact that the blocks were not sent unfinished but were completed or almost ready to be dressed on the building site. It can be suggested that quarrymen and stone-workers worked close together and even that there was no distinction between them, the same man could either be a quarryman or a hewer. The chief period of occupation dates from the 1st century AD and this quarry shows various activities such as a forge, a workshop for sculpture settled in the 2nd century on the extracting sites being abandoned and two areas of extraction for trapezoidal sarcophagi, which lasted a short time during the 7th century. Inscriptions, working drawings, sketches and accounts traced on the quarry faces, show the great care taken for the products, their high quality and the different destination of the stone blocks being prepared.
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Gérard Monthel, Pierre-yves Lambert. La carrière gallo-romaine de Saint-Boil (Saône-et-Loire). Gallia - Archéologie de la France antique, CNRS Éditions, 2002, Carrières antiques de la Gaule, 59, pp.89-120. ⟨10.3406/galia.2002.3099⟩. ⟨hal-01912431⟩



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