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Testing determinants of the annual individual fitness: an overall mean mixture model for de-lifing data

Abstract : 1. The de-lifing method (Coulson et al., 2006, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences , 273 , 547), though very promising for studying ecologi - cal and evolutionary changes, has been scarcely used to identify factors influential on fitness. 2. Through simulations representative of a variety of iteroparous species, we estab - lish that a two-component normal mixture usually provides a much better repre - sentation of de-lifing data than the single normal distribution assumed in classical linear models. 3. To test determinants of the annual individual fitness, we propose the overall mean mixture model (O3M), a mixture model parameterised in terms of the overall mean of the mixture distribution. 4. We examine the gain in performance and accuracy when using the O3M over clas - sical linear models and bootstrap methods on simulated finite normal mixture dis - tributions for different regression shapes and variance structure, and apply it to a real dataset to study how the annual individual fitness varies with age in alpine marmots. 5. The O3M improves considerably the precision of the estimates and hence the power of the analysis. We discuss the adaptation of the O3M model to more com - plex distributions and advise on its use.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01911550
Contributor : Roger Pradel <>
Submitted on : Friday, November 2, 2018 - 7:57:22 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 15, 2021 - 10:14:02 AM

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Pierre Dupont, Dominique Allainé, Aurélie Cohas, Roger Pradel. Testing determinants of the annual individual fitness: an overall mean mixture model for de-lifing data. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, Wiley, 2018, 9, pp.668--680. ⟨10.1111/2041-210X.12908⟩. ⟨hal-01911550⟩

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