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EL CAMINO, EL CAMIÓN Y EL ARRIERO: LA REORGANIZACIÓN MECÁNICA DE LA PUNA DE ATACAMA (1930-1980)

Abstract : The paper analyses the diffusion of the truck and the construction of roads in the Atacama Puna (1930-1980) through the relation of continuity or discontinuity established with the traditional mule transport during the Colonial period. The analysis proceeds in three steps. First, the arrival of the truck and the dislocation of the structuring triad grass-animals-transport - Is verified the end of the traditional muleteer caravans, the arrival of engine and how the truck takes off agriculture of the equation. Secondly, the local process of appropriation of the truck, the tracks that it follows, the systems that assemble and the modes in which the truck restores the logic of mule transport and freight that the war and the railways had suspended during the last 19th century. Third, and lastly, the late appearance of roadway Institution and the roads machinery, the State and the frontier, the clandestine and outdoor character of mule transport across the Cordillera.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01908187
Contributor : Nicolas Richard <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 6, 2018 - 4:15:24 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 12, 2021 - 9:08:03 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01908187, version 1

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Nicolas Richard, Damir Galaz-Mandakovic, Javier Carmona Yost, Consuelo Hernandez V.. EL CAMINO, EL CAMIÓN Y EL ARRIERO: LA REORGANIZACIÓN MECÁNICA DE LA PUNA DE ATACAMA (1930-1980). Historia 396, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Instituto de Historia, 2018, 8 (1), pp.163 - 192. ⟨hal-01908187⟩

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