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Premiers résultats de l’étude anthropologique des restes humains de la grotte de M’Tsogatin 1 (Région d’Oulmès, Maroc).

Abstract : Within the framework of the Mission Archéologique El Harhoura-Témara, M’Tsogatin 1 cave was discovered during a field survey with two aims : 1) the litologic study of mineral resources used in the prehistoric sites from the northwestern coastal Meseta and the research of human settlement evidences. Three test pits were realized in M’Tsogatin 1 cave. The L14 test pit delivered lithic industry, fauna and 230 human remains. Three stratigraphical levels were distinghished : the level 1 (dated by 14C of 4943-4795 cal BC on human collagen) and the level 2 contain neolithic artifacts, but seem to be heavily perturbed. The level 3 was attributed to the Upper Palaeolithic according to the lithic industry. Within the same level, despite the highly fragmentation of the human bones, the biometric study demonstrates that they fit into the variability of Iberomaurusian individuals. Whereas the human remains of the levels 1 and 2 do not fit into the variability of the neolithic human bones of the Maghreb. Cutmaks and burned bones observed of the level 3 are comparable with some of the funeral behaviors described in Taforalt and Afalou-Bou-Rhummel during the Iberomaurusian. For the first time in Morocco, the evulsion of the lower central incisors was highlighted on a mandible of the level 3. This echoes iberomaurusian and capsian behaviors known in Algeria and in Tunisia.
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X. Sens, A. Oujaa, D. Grimaud-Hervé, Antoine Zazzo, M. Lebon, et al.. Premiers résultats de l’étude anthropologique des restes humains de la grotte de M’Tsogatin 1 (Région d’Oulmès, Maroc).. Journal of Materials and Environmental Science , Mohammed Premier University, 2016, 7 (10), pp.3746-3762. ⟨hal-02977416⟩

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