GPS piéton : quels points de repères pour faciliter la navigation ?

Abstract : The orientation from a map is a cognitively complex activity. The success or performance of an orientation task particularly depends on the characteristics of the map used (e.g. [5-6]). The purpose of the present study was to identify, through eye movement recording, the effects on navigation of adding 2D or 3D buildings to maps, and to link these effects with working memory capabilities of individuals. Thus, 64 participants had to make Google StreetView routes using a static map 1) without any building, 2) with 2D buildings, or 3) with 3D buildings. The results indicate that the 3D map is most effective for participants with high visuospatial processing capabilities, but is an inconvenience for participants with low visuospatial capabilities. These results lead to recommend to designers of pedestrian GPS to take into account the variability of users' cognitive profiles by offering configurable devices.
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Sylvain Fleury, Justine Nicol, Eric Jamet, Ludivine Gueho. GPS piéton : quels points de repères pour faciliter la navigation ?. ERGO'IA 2018, Oct 2018, Bidart, France. ⟨hal-01882608⟩

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