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Riemannian Optimization and Approximate Joint Diagonalization for Blind Source Separation

Abstract : We consider the blind source separation (BSS) problem and the closely related approximate joint diagonalization (AJD) problem of symmetric positive definite (SPD) matrices. These two problems can be reduced to an optimization problem with three key components: the criterion to minimize, the constraint on the solution, and the optimization algorithm to solve it. This paper contains two contributions that allow us to treat these issues independently. We build the first complete Riemannian optimization framework suited for BSS and AJD handling three classical constraints, and allowing to use a large panel of general optimization algorithms on manifolds. We also perform a thorough study of the AJD problem of SPD matrices from an information geometry point of view. We study AJD criteria based on several divergences of the set of SPD matrices, provide three optimization strategies to minimize them, and analyze their properties. Our numerical experiments on simulated and pseudoreal electroencephalographic data show the interest of the Riemannian optimization framework and of the different AJD criteria we consider.
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Contributor : Florent Bouchard <>
Submitted on : Monday, October 15, 2018 - 2:10:47 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 11, 2021 - 11:37:32 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, January 16, 2019 - 3:07:07 PM

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Florent Bouchard, Jérôme Malick, Marco Congedo. Riemannian Optimization and Approximate Joint Diagonalization for Blind Source Separation. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2018, 66 (8), pp.2041-2054. ⟨10.1109/TSP.2018.2795539⟩. ⟨hal-01875788⟩

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