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Tribochemical Competition within a MoS 2 /Ti Dry Lubricated Macroscale Contact in Ultrahigh Vacuum: A Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry Investigation

Guillaume Colas 1 Aurélien Saulot 2 David Philippon 3 Yves Berthier 2 Didier Léonard 4, *
* Corresponding author
3 TMI - Tribologie et Mécanique des Interfaces
LaMCoS - Laboratoire de Mécanique des Contacts et des Structures [Villeurbanne]
4 Surfaces
ISA - Institut des Sciences Analytiques
Abstract : Controlling and predicting the tribological behavior of dry lubricants is a necessity to ensure low friction, long life, and low particle generation. Understanding the tribochemistry of the materials as a function of the environment is of primary interest as synergistic effects exist between the mechanics, the physicochemistry, and the thermodynamics within a contact. However, in most studies the role of the coating internal contaminants in the process is often discarded to the benefit of a more common approach in which the performances of the materials are compared as a function of different atmospheric pressure environments. The study focuses on the understanding of the tribochemical processes occurring between the materials and their internal contaminants inside an AISI440C contact lubricated by a MoS2/Ti coating. Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry is used to study at the molecular level, the material before and after friction. Friction tests with different durations are performed in ultrahigh vacuum at the macroscale to stay relevant to the real application (space). The adsorption/desorption of gaseous species during friction is monitored by mass spectrometry to ensure reliable study of the tribochemical processes inside the contact. The study shows that a competition exists between the Ti- and MoS2-based materials to create the appropriate lubricating materials via (i) recrystallization of MoS2 materials with creation of a MoSxOy material via reactions with internal contaminants (presumably H2O), (ii) reaction of Ti-based materials with internal contaminants (mostly H2O and N-2). The biphasic material created is highly similar to the one created in both humid air and dry N-2 environments and providing low friction and low particle generation. However, the process is incomplete. The study thus brings insight into the possibility of controlling friction via a rational inclusion of reactants in a form of contaminants to control the tribochemical processes governing the low friction and long life.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 21, 2018 - 4:05:59 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 15, 2021 - 2:30:18 PM



Guillaume Colas, Aurélien Saulot, David Philippon, Yves Berthier, Didier Léonard. Tribochemical Competition within a MoS 2 /Ti Dry Lubricated Macroscale Contact in Ultrahigh Vacuum: A Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry Investigation. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Washington, D.C. : American Chemical Society, 2018, 10 (23), pp.20106-20119. ⟨10.1021/acsami.8b02999⟩. ⟨hal-01859082⟩



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