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Molecular tagging velocimetry for confined rarefied gas flows: Phosphorescence emission measurements at low pressure

Abstract : Rarefied gas flows have a central role in microfluidic devices for many applications in various scientific fields. Local thermodynamic non-equilibrium at the wall-gas interface produces macroscopic effects, one of which is a velocity slip between the gas flow and the solid surface. Local experimental data able to shed light on this physical phenomenon are very limited in the literature. The molecular tagging velocimetry (MTV) could be a suitable technique for measuring velocity fields in gas micro flows. However, the implementation of this technique in the case of confined and rarefied gas flows is a difficult task: the reduced number of molecules in the system, which induces high diffusion, and the low concentration of the molecular tracer both drastically reduce the intensity and the duration of the exploitable signal for carrying out the velocity measures. This work demonstrates that the application of the 1D-MTV by direct phosphorescence to gas flows in the slip flow regime and in a rectangular long channel is, actually, possible. New experimental data on phosphorescence emission of acetone and diacetyl vapors at low pressures are presented. An analysis of the optimal excitation wavelength is carried out to maximize the intensity and the lifetime of the tracer emission. The experimental results demonstrate that a little concentration of about 5-10 % of acetone vapor excited at 310 nm or of diacetyl vapor excited at 410 nm in a helium mixture at pressures on the order of 1 kPa provides an intense and durable luminescent signal. In a 1-mm deep channel, a gas flow characterized by these thermodynamic conditions is in the slip flow regime. Moreover, numerical experiments based on DSMC simulations are carried out to demonstrate that an accurate measurement of the velocity profile in a laminar pressure-driven flow is possible for the rarefied conditions of interest.
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Submitted on : Friday, December 20, 2019 - 10:13:55 PM
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Dominique Fratantonio, Marcos Rojas-Cárdenas, Hacene Si Hadj Mohand, Christine Barrot, Lucien Baldas, et al.. Molecular tagging velocimetry for confined rarefied gas flows: Phosphorescence emission measurements at low pressure. Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, Elsevier, 2018, 99, pp.510-524. ⟨10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2018.08.001⟩. ⟨hal-01857807⟩



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