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Machine learning control for drag reduction of a car model in experiment

Abstract : We investigate experimentally a novel model-free in-time control strategy, called Machine Learning Control (MLC), for aerodynamic drag reduction of a car model. Fluidic actuation is applied at the trailing edge of a blunt-edged Ahmed body combined with a curved deflection surface. The impact of actuation on the flow is monitored with base pressure sensors. Based on the idea of genetic programming, the applied model-free control strategy detects and exploits nonlinear actuation mechanisms in an unsupervised manner with the aim of minimizing the drag. Key enabler is linear genetic programming as simple and efficient framework for multiple inputs (actuators) and multiple outputs (sensors). The optimized control laws comprise periodic forcing, multi-frequency forcing and sensor-based feedback control. Approximately 33% base pressure recovery associated with 22% drag reduction is achieved by the optimal control law for a turbulent flow at Re H ≈ 3 × 10 5 based on body height.
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Contributor : Limsi Publications <>
Submitted on : Friday, August 10, 2018 - 1:40:24 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, December 13, 2020 - 7:02:03 PM


  • HAL Id : hal-01856274, version 1



Ruying Li, Bernd R. Noack, Laurent Cordier, Jacques Borã©e, Fabien Harambat. Machine learning control for drag reduction of a car model in experiment. World Congress of the International Federation of Automatic Control, University of Toulouse, Jul 2017, Toulouse, France. ⟨hal-01856274⟩



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