Influence of temperature and surfactants on the solubilization of hexachlorobutadiene and hexachloroethane

Abstract : The solubilization of hexachlorobutadiene (HCBD) and hexachloroethane (HCA) in water as a function of temperature and in the presence of surfactants was investigated in order to predict their fate in groundwater and to increase their recovery. HCBD and HCA solubility data were experimentally determined at five temperatures in the range from (285.15 to 318.15) K. Thermodynamic parameters for dissolution (ΔsolG°, ΔsolH°, and ΔsolS°) have been calculated in order to propose a physical explanation of the minimum solubility observed between 293.15 and 298.15 K for both compounds. The solubilization process appeared to be influenced by the network of water molecules rather than by physical and chemical properties of HCBD or HCA, due to an opposite effect of temperature onto Brownian motion, which increases with temperature, and hydrogen-bond network, which collapses with temperature. Concerning the influence of surfactants, determination of the micelle–water partition coefficients (Kmw) and the molar solubilization ratio (MSR) has shown that the solubilization per micelle was more important for nonionic surfactants Triton X-100 and Tween 80 than for anionic SDBS. Also, the increase of solubility was 1 order of magnitude higher for liquid HCBD than for crystalline HCA irrespective of surfactant.
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Romain Rodrigues, Stéphanie Betelu, Stéfan Colombano, Guillaume Masselot, Théodore Tzedakis, et al.. Influence of temperature and surfactants on the solubilization of hexachlorobutadiene and hexachloroethane. Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data, American Chemical Society, 2017, 62 (10), pp.3252-3260. ⟨10.1021/acs.jced.7b00320⟩. ⟨hal-01849466⟩

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