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Accounting for low solar resource days to size 100% solar microgrids power systems in Africa

Abstract : In many regions worldwide, the electrification of rural areas is expected to be partly achieved through micro power grids. Compliance with the COP21 conference requires that such systems mainly build on renewable energy sources. To deliver a high power and quality service may be difficult to be achieved, especially when micro-grids are based on variable renewable sources. We here explore the multiscale temporal variability of the local solar resource in Africa and its implication for the development of 100% solar systems. Using high resolution satellite data of global horizontal irradiance (GHI) for a 21-year period (1995–2015), we characterize the seasonality and temporal variability of the local resource. We focus on its low percentile values which give a first guess on the size of the solar panels surface required for the micro-grid to achieve a given quality service. We assess the characteristics and especially persistence of the low resource situations, for which the local demand would not be satisfied. We finally assess how the ability of electricity consumers for some day-to-day flexibility (e.g. via the postponement of part of one day as demand to the next), would help to achieve the design level of service quality with a smaller microgrid system.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01848161
Contributor : Danièle Revel <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 24, 2018 - 1:00:37 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 17, 2020 - 2:56:14 PM

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Nicolas Plain, B. Hingray, Sandrine Mathy. Accounting for low solar resource days to size 100% solar microgrids power systems in Africa. Renewable Energy, Elsevier, 2019, 131, pp.448 - 458. ⟨10.1016/j.renene.2018.07.036⟩. ⟨hal-01848161⟩

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