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Therapeutic body wraps (TBW) for treatment of severe injurious behaviour in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD): A 3-month randomized controlled feasibility study

Abstract : Introduction The use of therapeutic body wraps (TBW) has been reported in small series or case reports, but has become controversial. Objectives This is a feasibility, multicentre, randomized, controlled, open-label trial with blinded outcome assessment (PROBE design). Setting Children with autism and severe-injurious behaviours (SIB) were enrolled from 13 specialized clinics. Interventions Dry-sheet TBW (DRY group) vs. wet-sheet TBW (WET group). Primary outcome measures 3-month change in the Aberrant Behaviour Checklist irritability score (ABC-irritability) within per-protocol (PP) sample. Results From January 2008 to January 2015, we recruited 48 children (age range: 5.9 to 9.9 years, 78.1% male). Seven patients (4 in the DRY group, 3 in the WET group) were dropped from the study early and were excluded from PP analysis. At endpoint, ABC-irritability significantly improved in both groups (means (standard deviation) = -11.15 (8.05) in the DRY group and -10.57 (9.29) in the WET group), as did the other ABC scores and the Children Autism Rating scale score. However, there was no significant difference between groups. All but 5 patients were rated as much or very much improved. A repeated-measures analysis confirmed the significant improvement in ABC-irritability scores according to time (p < .0001), with no significant difference between the two groups (group effect: p = .55; interaction time x group: p = .27). Pooling both groups together, the mean 3-month change from baseline in ABC-irritability score was -10.90 (effect size = 1.59, p < .0001). Conclusions We found that feasibility was overall satisfactory with a slow recruitment rate and a rather good attrition rate. TBW was a safe complementary therapy in this population. There was no difference between wet and dry TBW at 3 months, and ABC-irritability significantly decreased with both wet and dry sheet TBW. To assess whether TBW may constitute an alternative to medication or behavioural intervention for treating SIB in ASD patients, a larger randomized comparative trial (e.g. TBW vs. antipsychotics) is warranted.
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Pierre Delion, Julien Labreuche, Dominique Deplanque, David Cohen, Alain Duhamel, et al.. Therapeutic body wraps (TBW) for treatment of severe injurious behaviour in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD): A 3-month randomized controlled feasibility study. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2018, 13 (6), pp.e0198726. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0198726⟩. ⟨hal-01839935⟩

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