Pogroms contre les Ouzbeks à Och au Kirghizstan : Des dangers de la manipulation politique du nationalisme ethnique

Abstract : Kyrgyzstan has been the object of a genuine marketing campaign: “the Switzerland of Central Asia,” a “democratic island”; until recently, this nation enjoyed an unparalleled reputation in Central Asia within the international community. Its multiple silent partners have largely co-piloted its political evolution since 1991 by promoting a particular political model based on economic liberalization and an ethnonational democracy. How is it, then, that despite such support, the nation has fallen into generalized chaos, leading to the violence that has taken hold of the South in recent days? In fact, it’s not a question of a new ethnic conflict stemming from a faulty, if traditional, political system (tribalism, ethnicism). The ethnic pogroms directed against Uzbeks in recent days are very modern and have arisen in an historical situation tied to the emergence of the globalized governance put into place after the cold war. This country has become the site of clashes among politico-mafi oso groups. Their rivalry has transformed into a major inter-ethnic conflict.
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Boris Pétric. Pogroms contre les Ouzbeks à Och au Kirghizstan : Des dangers de la manipulation politique du nationalisme ethnique. Hérodote - Revue de géographie et de géopolitique, Elsevier Masson/La Découverte, 2010, Géopolitique de la Russie, 138 (3), pp.58-65. ⟨https://www.cairn.info/revue-herodote-2010-3-page-58.htm?⟩. ⟨10.3917/her.138.0058⟩. ⟨hal-01811308⟩

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