Unexpected quadratic behaviors for the small-time local null controllability of scalar-input parabolic equations

Abstract : We consider scalar-input control systems in the vicinity of an equilibrium, at which the linearized systems are not controllable. For finite dimensional control systems, the authors recently classified the possible quadratic behaviors. Quadratic terms introduce coercive drifts in the dynamics, quantified by integer negative Sobolev norms, which are linked to Lie brackets and which prevent smooth small-time local controllability for the full nonlinear system. In the context of nonlinear parabolic equations, we prove that the same obstructions persist. More importantly, we prove that two new behaviors occur, which are impossible in finite dimension. First, there exists a continuous family of quadratic obstructions quantified by fractional negative Sobolev norms or by weighted variations of them. Second, and more strikingly, small-time local null controllability can sometimes be recovered from the quadratic expansion. We also construct a system for which an infinite number of directions are recovered using a quadratic expansion. As in the finite dimensional case, the relation between the regularity of the controls and the strength of the possible quadratic obstructions plays a key role in our analysis.
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Submitted on : Sunday, April 15, 2018 - 11:24:08 PM
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  • HAL Id : hal-01767216, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1712.09790

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Karine Beauchard, Frédéric Marbach. Unexpected quadratic behaviors for the small-time local null controllability of scalar-input parabolic equations. 2018. ⟨hal-01767216⟩

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