Electronic spectrum of twisted graphene layers under heterostrain

Abstract : We demonstrate that stacking layered materials allows a novel type of strain engineering where each layer is strained independently, which we call heterostrain. We combine detailed structural and spectroscopic measurements with tight-binding calculations to show that small uniaxial heterostrain suppresses Dirac cones and leads to the emergence of flat bands in twisted graphene layers (TGLs). Moreover, we demonstrate that heterostrain reconstructs much more severely the energy spectrum of TGLs than homostrain for which both layers are strained identically ; a result which should apply to virtually all van der Waals structure opening exciting possibilities for straintronics with 2D materials.
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Physical Review Letters, American Physical Society, 2018, 120, pp.156405. 〈10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.156405〉
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Loïc Huder, Alexandre Artaud, Toai Le Quang, Guy Trambly, Aloysius Jansen, et al.. Electronic spectrum of twisted graphene layers under heterostrain. Physical Review Letters, American Physical Society, 2018, 120, pp.156405. 〈10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.156405〉. 〈hal-01727696〉

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