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Kendrick's extrication device and unstable pelvic fractures: Should a trochanteric belt be added? A cadaveric study

Abstract : INTRODUCTION: Pre-hospital pelvic stabilisation is advised to prevent exsanguination in patients with unstable pelvic fractures (UPFs). Kendrick's extrication device (KED) is commonly used to extricate patients from cars or crevasses. However the KED has not been tested for potential adverse effects in patients with pelvic fractures. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of the KED on pubic symphysis diastasis (SyD) with and without the use of a trochanteric belt (TB) during the extraction process following a MVC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Left-sided "open-book" UPFs were created in 18 human cadavers that were placed in seven different positions simulating pre-extraction and extraction positions using the KED with and without a TB in two different positions (through and over the thigh straps). The SyD was measured using anteroposterior radiographs. The effects of the KED with and without TB, on the SyD, were evaluated. RESULTS: The KED alone resulted in a non-significant increase of the SyD compared to baseline, whereas the addition of a TB to the KED resulted in a significant reduction of the SyD (p
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01725308
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 7, 2018 - 12:10:34 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 15, 2021 - 2:56:02 PM

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Floran A Reynard, Alexandros N Flaris, Eric R Simms, Olivier Rouviere, Pascal Roy, et al.. Kendrick's extrication device and unstable pelvic fractures: Should a trochanteric belt be added? A cadaveric study. Injury, Elsevier, 2016, 47 (3), pp. 711-716. ⟨10.1016/j.injury.2016.01.028⟩. ⟨hal-01725308⟩

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