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A Novel Method for Detecting and Computing Univolatility Curves in Ternary Mixtures

Abstract : Residue curve maps (RCMs) and univolatility curves are crucial tools for analysis and design of distillation processes. Even in the case of ternary mixtures, the topology of these maps is highly non-trivial, as shown by Serafimov’s and Zhvanetskii’s classifications. We propose a novel method allowing detection and computation of the existence of univolatility curves in homogeneous ternary mixtures independently of the presence of azeotropes, which is particularly important in the case of zeotropic mixtures. The method is based on analysis of the geometry of the boiling temperature surface constrained by the univolatility or unidistribution condition. The introduced on the concepts of the generalized univolatility and unidistribution curves in the three dimensional composition – temperature state space that lead to a simple non iterative and efficient algorithm of computation of the univolatility curves. Two peculiar ternary systems, namely diethylamine – chloroform – methanol and hexane – benzene – hexafluorobenzene are used for illustration. When varying pressure, tangential azeotropy, bi-ternary azeotropy, saddle-node ternary azeotrope, and bi-binary azeotropy are found. In both examples, a distinctive crossing shape of the univolatility curve appears as a consequence of the existence of a common tangent point between the three dimensional univolatility hypersurface and the boiling temperature surface. Moreover, rare univolatility curves starting and ending on the same binary side are found.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 19, 2018 - 10:49:19 AM
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Nataliya Shcherbakova, Ivonne Rodriguez-Donis, Jens Abildskov, Vincent Gerbaud. A Novel Method for Detecting and Computing Univolatility Curves in Ternary Mixtures. Chemical Engineering Science, Elsevier, 2017, vol. 173, pp. 21-36. ⟨10.1016/j.ces.2017.07.007⟩. ⟨hal-01712022⟩



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