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Incidence of invasive macrophytes on methylmercury budget in temperate lakes: Central role of bacterial periphytic communities

Abstract : Several studies demonstrated high mercury (Hg) methylation and demethylation in the periphyton associated with floating roots in tropical ecosystems. The importance of aquatic plants on methylmercury production in three temperate ecosystems from southwestern France was evaluated through Hg species concentrations, and Hg methylation/demethylation activities by using stable isotopic tracers (199 Hg(II), Me 201 Hg). Hg accumulation and high methylation and demethylation yields were detected in plant roots and periphyton, whereas results for sediment and water were low to insignificant. The presence of sulfate reducing prokaryotes was detected in all compartments (T-RFLP based on dsrAB amplified through nested PCR) and their main role in Hg methylation could be demonstrated. In turn, sulfate reduction inhibition did not affect demethylation activities. The estimation of net MeHg budgets in these ecosystems suggested that aquatic rhizosphere is the principal location for methylmercury production and may represent an important source for the contamination of the aquatic food chain.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 14, 2018 - 5:59:30 PM
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Sophie Gentès, Mathilde Monperrus, Alexia Legeay, Régine Maury-Brachet, Stéphane Davail, et al.. Incidence of invasive macrophytes on methylmercury budget in temperate lakes: Central role of bacterial periphytic communities. Environmental Pollution, Elsevier, 2013, 172, pp.116 - 123. ⟨10.1016/j.envpol.2012.08.004⟩. ⟨hal-01702557⟩

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