Forward scattering effects on muon imaging

Abstract : Muon imaging is one of the most promising non-invasive techniques for density structure scanning, specially for large objects reaching the kilometre scale. It has already interesting applications in different fields like geophysics or nuclear safety and has been proposed for some others like engineering or archaeology. One of the approaches of this technique is based on the well-known radiography principle, by reconstructing the incident direction of the detected muons after crossing the studied objects. In this case, muons detected after a previous forward scattering on the object surface represent an irreducible background noise, leading to a bias on the measurement and consequently on the reconstruction of the object mean density. Therefore, a prior characterization of this effect represents valuable information to conveniently correct the obtained results. Although the muon scattering process has been already theoretically described, a general study of this process has been carried out based on Monte Carlo simulations, resulting in a versatile tool to evaluate this effect for different object geometries and compositions. As an example, these simulations have been used to evaluate the impact of forward scattered muons on two different applications of muon imaging: archaeology and volcanology, revealing a significant impact on the latter case. The general way in which all the tools used have been developed can allow to make equivalent studies in the future for other muon imaging applications following the same procedure.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
JINST, 2017, 12 (12), pp.P12018. 〈10.1088/1748-0221/12/12/P12018〉
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H. Gómez, C. Goy, Y. Karyotakis, S. Katsanevas, J. Marteau, et al.. Forward scattering effects on muon imaging. JINST, 2017, 12 (12), pp.P12018. 〈10.1088/1748-0221/12/12/P12018〉. 〈hal-01669806〉



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