Inverse correlation processing by neurons with active dendrites

Abstract : In many neuron types, the dendrites contain a significant density of sodium channels and are capable of generating action potentials, but the significance and role of dendritic sodium spikes are unclear. Here, we use simplified computational models to investigate the functional effect of dendritic spikes. We found that one of the main features of neurons equipped with excitable dendrites is that the firing rate of the neuron measured at soma decreases with increasing input correlations, which is an inverse relation compared to passive dendrite and single-compartment models. We first show that in biophysical models the collision and annihilation of dendritic spikes causes an inverse dependence of firing rate on correlations. We then explore this in more detail using excitable dendrites modeled with integrate-and-fire type mechanisms. Finally, we show that the inverse correlation dependence can also be found in very simple models, where the dendrite is modeled as a discrete-state cellular automaton. We conclude that the cancellation of dendritic spikes is a generic mechanism that allows neurons to process correlations inversely compared to single-compartment models. This qualitative effect due to the presence of dendrites should have strong consequences at the network level, where networks of neurons with excitable dendrites may have fundamentally different properties than networks of point neuron models.
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Article dans une revue
Journal of Computational Neuroscience, Springer Verlag, 2018, 〈10.1007/s10827-018-0707-7〉
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01653178
Contributeur : Romain Veltz <>
Soumis le : vendredi 1 décembre 2017 - 10:34:04
Dernière modification le : vendredi 28 décembre 2018 - 01:14:25

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Tomasz Gorski, Romain Veltz, Mathieu Galtier, Helissande Fragnaud, Bartosz Teleńczuk, et al.. Inverse correlation processing by neurons with active dendrites. Journal of Computational Neuroscience, Springer Verlag, 2018, 〈10.1007/s10827-018-0707-7〉. 〈hal-01653178〉

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