Near-surface mechanical heterogeneities in a dissimilar aluminum alloys friction stir welded joint

Abstract : The local mechanical properties of a dissimilar friction stir welded AA-2024-T3/AA-2198-T3 joint were documented during a uniaxial tensile test. High-resolution digital image correlation was performed during monotonic tensile tests to capture the local in-plane strain fields of the heterogeneous macrostructure of the weld. In the shoulder-affected region, banded macrostructures with heterogeneous mechanical properties were found. They were related to pronounced textures regions, which can be associated to strain-rate gradient during one rotation of the tool. The banded macrostructures in the nugget region were observed to be responsible for early plasticity in the joint and ultimately to be the fracture location of the weld. The heterogeneous mechanical response of the joint was also investigated by microhardness measurements. Differences were found between hardness and local tensile properties, demonstrating microhardness measurements can be misleading and only direct high-resolution digital image correlation techniques can document the mechanical behavior of materials having complex and heterogeneous micro-/macrostructures.
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Damien Texier, Y. Zedan, T. Amoros, E. Feulvarch, J.C. Stinville, et al.. Near-surface mechanical heterogeneities in a dissimilar aluminum alloys friction stir welded joint. Materials and Design, Elsevier, 2016, 108, pp.217-229. ⟨10.1016/j.matdes.2016.06.091⟩. ⟨hal-01644878⟩

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