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Spatial Evidential Clustering with Adaptive Distance Metric for Tumor Segmentation in FDG-PET Images

Abstract : While the accurate delineation of tumor volumes in FDG-PET is a vital task for diverse objectives in clinical oncology, noise and blur due to the imaging system make it a challenging work. In this paper, we propose to address the imprecision and noise inherent in PET using Dempster-Shafer theory, a powerful tool for modeling and reasoning with uncertain and/or imprecise information. Based on Dempster-Shafer theory, a novel evidential clustering algorithm is proposed and tailored for the tumor segmentation task in 3D. For accurate clustering of PET voxels, each voxel is described not only by the single intensity value but also complementarily by textural features extracted from a patch surrounding the voxel. Considering that there are a large amount of textures without consensus regarding the most informative ones, and some of the extracted features are even unreliable due to the low-quality PET images, a specific procedure is included in the proposed clustering algorithm to adapt distance metric for properly representing the clustering distortions and the similarities between neighboring voxels. This integrated metric adaptation procedure will realize a low-dimensional transformation from the original space, and will limit the influence of unreliable inputs via feature selection. A Dempster-Shafer-theory-based spatial regularization is also proposed and included in the clustering algorithm, so as to effectively quantify the local homogeneity. The proposed method has been compared with other methods on the real-patient FDGPET images, showing good performance.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01637193
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Submitted on : Monday, July 5, 2021 - 10:53:42 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 13, 2021 - 8:14:03 AM

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Chunfeng Lian, Su Ruan, Thierry Denoeux, Hua Li, Pierre Vera. Spatial Evidential Clustering with Adaptive Distance Metric for Tumor Segmentation in FDG-PET Images. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2018, 65 (1), pp.21-30. ⟨10.1109/TBME.2017.2688453⟩. ⟨hal-01637193⟩

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