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Temperature dependence of quantum dot fluorescence assisted by plasmonic nanoantennas

Abstract : Optical antennas based on noble metal nanoparticles can increase the photoluminescence of quantum dots, but the exact strength of this enhancement depends on the brightness (i.e., the intrinsic quantum yield ηi) of the emitters. Here we perform temperature-dependent measurements on a system of PbS colloidal quantum dots coupled with Au ring arrays that bring quantitative insight into this phenomenon. We show that although the boost in photoluminescence is lower at cryogenic temperatures where the nanocrystals become very bright emitters, the spectral signature of this enhancement is remarkably independent of ηi . These observations remain true even at wavelengths where the losses by absorption in the metal nanoparticles considerably increase due to the excitation of localized plasmon resonances, in contradiction with standard theory that treats the emitters as a collection of two-level systems. We propose a mechanism in which the quantum dots are modeled as multilevel and inhomogeneously broadened emitters to account for these findings.
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Q. Le-Van, X. Le Roux, T. V. Teperik, B. Habert, F. Marquier, et al.. Temperature dependence of quantum dot fluorescence assisted by plasmonic nanoantennas. Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics (1998-2015), American Physical Society, 2015, 91 (8), pp.85412 ⟨10.1103/PhysRevB.91.085412⟩. ⟨hal-01636515⟩



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