On the a priori Model Reduction: Overview and Recent Developments

Abstract : KarhunenLò eve expansion and snapshot POD are based on principal component analysis of series of data. They provide basis vectors of the subspace spanned by the data. All the data must be taken into account to find the basis vectors. These methods are not convenient for any improvement of the basis vectors when new data are added into the data base. We consider the data as a state evolution and we propose an incremental algorithm to build basis functions for the decomposition of this state evolution. The proposed algorithm is based on the APHR method (A Priori Hyper-Reduction method). This is an adaptive strategy to build reduced order model when the state evolution is implicitely defined by non-linear governing equations. In case of known state evolutions the APHR method is an incremental KarhunenLò eve decomposition. This approach is very convenient to expand the subspace spanned by the basis functions. In the first part of the present paper the main concepts related to the " a priori " model reduction technique are revisited, as a previous task to its application in the cases considered in the next sections. Some engineering problems are defined in domains that evolve in time. When this evolution is large the present and the reference configurations differ significantly. Thus, when the problem is formulated in the total Lagrangian framework frequent remeshing is required to avoid too large distortions of the finite element mesh. Other possibility for describing these models lies in the use of an updated formulation in which the mesh is conformed to each intermediate configuration. When the finite element method is used, then frequent remeshing must be carried out to perform an optimal meshing at each intermediate configuration. However, when the natural element method, a novel meshless technique, is considered, whose accuracy does not depend significantly on the relative position of the nodes, then large simulations can be performed without any remeshing stage, being the nodal position at each intermediate configuration defined by the transport of the nodes by the material velocity or the advection terms. Thus, we analyze the extension of the " a priori " model reduction, based on the use in tandem of the KarhunenLò eve decomposition (that extracts significant information) and an approximation basis enrichment based on the use of the Krylov's subspaces, previously proposed in the framework of fixed mesh simulation, to problems defined in domains evolving in time. Finally, for illustrating the technique capabilities, the " a priori " model reduction will be applied for solving the kinetic theory model which governs the orientation of the fibers immersed in a Newtonian flow.
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Chapitre d'ouvrage
Meshfree Methods for Partial Differential Equations II, 43, 2005, Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering
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D. Ryckelynck, Francisco Chinesta, Elías Cueto, Amine Ammar. On the a priori Model Reduction: Overview and Recent Developments. Meshfree Methods for Partial Differential Equations II, 43, 2005, Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering. 〈hal-01633395〉

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