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A robust nonlinear position observer for synchronous motors with relaxed excitation conditions

Abstract : A robust, nonlinear and globally convergent rotor position observer for surface-mounted permanent magnet synchronous motors was recently proposed by the authors. The key feature of this observer is that it requires only the knowledge of the motor's resistance and inductance. Using some particular properties of the mathematical model it is shown that the problem of state observation can be translated into one of estimation of two constant parameters, which is carried out with a standard gradient algorithm. In this work, we propose to replace this estimator with a new one called dynamic regressor extension and mixing, which has the following advantages with respect to gradient estimators: (1) the stringent persistence of excitation (PE) condition of the regressor is not necessary to ensure parameter convergence; (2) the latter is guaranteed requiring instead a non-square-integrability condition that has a clear physical meaning in terms of signal energy; (3) if the regressor is PE, the new observer (like the old one) ensures convergence is exponential, entailing some robustness properties to the observer; (4) the new estimator includes an additional filter that constitutes an additional degree of freedom to satisfy the non-square integrability condition. Realistic simulation results show significant performance improvement of the position observer using the new parameter estimator, with a less oscillatory behaviour and a faster convergence speed.
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Contributor : Stanislav Aranovskiy <>
Submitted on : Friday, October 6, 2017 - 3:43:32 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, May 1, 2021 - 3:50:39 AM



Alexey Bobtsov, Dmitry Bazylev, Anton Pyrkin, Stanislav Aranovskiy, Romeo Ortega. A robust nonlinear position observer for synchronous motors with relaxed excitation conditions. International Journal of Control, Taylor & Francis, 2017, 90 (4), pp.813 - 824. ⟨10.1080/00207179.2016.1230229⟩. ⟨hal-01612227⟩



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