Central GABAergic innervation of the pituitary in goldfish: A radioautographic and immunocytochemical study at the electron microscope level

Abstract : The GABAergic innervation of the goldfish pituitary was studied at the light and electron microscope levels by means of radioautography after in vitro incubation in tritiated γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and immunocytochemistry using antibodies against GABA. Following incubation of pituitary fragments in a medium containing tritiated GABA, a selective uptake of the tracer was observed within the digitations of the neurohypophysis. Silver grain clusters were also observed in the adenohypophyseal tissue. At the electon microscope level, this uptake was found to correspond to nerve endings containing small clear and dense-core vesicles. These labeled profiles were located mainly in neurohypophyseal digitations in close apposition with the baement membrane separating the neurohypophysis from the adenohypophysis. However, they were also encountered in direct contact with most adenohypophyseal cell types in the different lobes. These results were confirmed by immunocytochemical data demonstrating the presence of numerous GABA immunoreactive fibers in both anterior and neurointermediate lobes. They were found either in the digitations of the neurohypophysis or in the adenohypophysis in direct contact with the glandular cells with a distribution and an ultrastructural aspect similar to those observed by radioautography. These data demonstrate that the pituitary of teleosts receives a massive GABAergic innervation. Although physiological data providing a functional significance for such an innervation are lacking, the present study suggests that, as already documented in mammals, GABA may be involved in the neuroendocrine regulation of pituitary functions in teleosts.
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General and Comparative Endocrinology, Elsevier, 1987, 67 (3), pp.324-332. 〈10.1016/0016-6480(87)90186-9〉
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Olivier Kah, Pierrette Dubourg, Maria-Grazia Martinoli, Mohammed Rabhi, Francis Gonnet, et al.. Central GABAergic innervation of the pituitary in goldfish: A radioautographic and immunocytochemical study at the electron microscope level. General and Comparative Endocrinology, Elsevier, 1987, 67 (3), pp.324-332. 〈10.1016/0016-6480(87)90186-9〉. 〈hal-01611439〉

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