Performances of domiciliary ventilators compared by using a parametric procedure

Abstract : Background: Noninvasive mechanical ventilation is sufficiently widely used to motivate bench studies for evaluating and comparing performances of the domiciliary ventilators. In most (if not in all) of the previous studies, ventilators were tested in a single (or a very few) conditions, chosen to avoid asynchrony events. Such a practice does not reflect how the ventilator is able to answer the demand from a large cohort of patients with their inherent inter-patient variability. We thus developed a new procedure according which each ventilator was tested with more than 1200 "simulated" patients. Methods: Three lung mechanics (obstructive, restrictive and normal) were simulated using a mechanical lung (ASL 5000) driven by a realistic muscular pressure. 420 different dynamics for each of these three lung mechanics were considered by varying the breathing frequency and the mouth occlusion pressure. For each of the nine ventilators tested, five different parameter settings were investigated. The results are synthesized in colored maps where each color represents the ventilator (in) ability to synchronize with a given muscular pressure dynamics. A synchronizability e is then computed for each map. Results: The lung model, the breathing frequency and the mouth occlusion pressure strongly affect the synchronizability of ventilators. The Vivo 50 (Breas) and the SomnoVENT autoST (Weinmann) are well synchronized with the restrictive model ((epsilon) over bar = 86 and 78 %, respectively), whereas the Elisee 150 (ResMed), the BiPAP A40 and the Trilogy 100 (Philips Respironics) better fit with an obstructive lung mechanics ((epsilon) over bar = 87, 86 and 86 %, respectively). Triggering and pressurization performances of the nine ventilators present heterogeneities due to their different settings and operating strategies. Conclusion: Performances of domiciliary ventilators strongly depend not only on the breathing dynamics but also on the ventilator strategy. One given ventilator may be more adequate than another one for a given patient.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
EPJ Nonlinear Biomedical Physics, 2016, 4, pp.UNSP 6. 〈10.1140/epjnbp/s40366-016-0033-9〉
Liste complète des métadonnées

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01611240
Contributeur : Alexandre Poux <>
Soumis le : jeudi 5 octobre 2017 - 15:36:45
Dernière modification le : lundi 1 octobre 2018 - 09:58:06

Lien texte intégral

Identifiants

Citation

Emeline Fresnel, Jean-Francois Muir, Christophe Letellier. Performances of domiciliary ventilators compared by using a parametric procedure. EPJ Nonlinear Biomedical Physics, 2016, 4, pp.UNSP 6. 〈10.1140/epjnbp/s40366-016-0033-9〉. 〈hal-01611240〉

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

51