Inverse gas chromatography a tool to follow physicochemical modifications of pharmaceutical solids: Crystal habit and particles size surface effects

Abstract : Powders are complex systems and so pharmaceutical solids are not the exception. Nowadays, pharmaceutical ingredients must comply with well-defined draconian specifications imposing narrow particle size range, control on the mean particle size, crystalline structure, crystal habits aspect and surface properties of powders, among others. The different facets, physical forms, defects and/or impurities of the solid will alter its interaction properties. A powerful way of studying surface properties is based on the adsorption of an organic or water vapor on a powder. Inverse gas chromatography (IGC) appears as a useful method to characterize the surface properties of divided solids. The aim of this work is to study the sensitivity of IGC, in Henry's domain, in order to detect the impact of size and morphology in surface energy of two crystalline forms of an excipient, D-mannitol. Surface energy analyses using IGC have shown that the alpha form is the most energetically active form. To study size and shape influence on polymorphism, pure alpha and beta mannitol samples were cryomilled (CM) and/or spray dried (SD). All forms showed an increase of the surface energy after treatment, with a higher influence for beta samples (gamma(d)(s) of 40-62 mJ m(-2)) than for a mannitol samples (gamma(d)(s) of 75-86 mJ m(-2)). Surface heterogeneity analysis in Henry's domain showed a more heterogeneous beta-CM sample (62-52 mJ m(-2)). Moreover, despite its spherical shape and quite homogeneous size distribution, beta-SD mannitol samples showed a slightly heterogeneous surface (57-52 mJ m(-2)) also higher than the recrystallized beta pure sample (similar to 40 mJ m(-2)).
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International Journal of Pharmaceutics, Elsevier, 2015, 494 (1), pp.113-126. 〈http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378517315300971〉. 〈10.1016/j.ijpharm.2015.07.078〉
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Soumis le : mercredi 5 septembre 2018 - 13:57:34
Dernière modification le : vendredi 14 septembre 2018 - 01:12:21

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María Graciela Cares Pacheco, Rachel Calvet, G. Vaca-Medina, A. Rouilly, Fabienne Espitalier. Inverse gas chromatography a tool to follow physicochemical modifications of pharmaceutical solids: Crystal habit and particles size surface effects. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, Elsevier, 2015, 494 (1), pp.113-126. 〈http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378517315300971〉. 〈10.1016/j.ijpharm.2015.07.078〉. 〈hal-01611017〉

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