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Structure of lactococcal phage p2 baseplate and its mechanism of activation.

Abstract : Siphoviridae is the most abundant viral family on earth which infects bacteria as well as archaea. All known siphophages infecting gram+ Lactococcus lactis possess a baseplate at the tip of their tail involved in host recognition and attachment. Here, we report analysis of the p2 phage baseplate structure by X-ray crystallography and electron microscopy and propose a mechanism for the baseplate activation during attachment to the host cell. This approximately 1 MDa, Escherichia coli-expressed baseplate is composed of three protein species, including six trimers of the receptor-binding protein (RBP). RBPs host-recognition domains point upwards, towards the capsid, in agreement with the electron-microscopy map of the free virion. In the presence of Ca(2+), a cation mandatory for infection, the RBPs rotated 200 degrees downwards, presenting their binding sites to the host, and a channel opens at the bottom of the baseplate for DNA passage. These conformational changes reveal a novel siphophage activation and host-recognition mechanism leading ultimately to DNA ejection.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 26, 2017 - 10:02:53 PM
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Giuliano Sciara, Cecilia Bebeacua, Patrick Bron, Denise Tremblay, Miguel Ortiz-Lombardia, et al.. Structure of lactococcal phage p2 baseplate and its mechanism of activation.. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, National Academy of Sciences, 2010, 107 (15), pp.6852-7. ⟨10.1073/pnas.1000232107⟩. ⟨hal-01595268⟩



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