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Multiscale Analysis of Intensive Longitudinal Biomedical Signals and its Clinical Applications

Abstract : Recent advances in wearable and/or biomedical sensing technologies have made it possible to record very long-term, continuous biomedical signals, referred to as biomedical intensive longitudinal data (ILD). To link ILD to clinical applications, such as personalized healthcare and disease prevention, the development of robust and reliable data analysis techniques is considered important. In this review, we introduce multiscale analysis methods for and the applications to two types of intensive longitudinal biomedical signals, heart rate variability (HRV) and spontaneous physical activity (SPA) time series. It has been shown that these ILD have robust characteristics unique to various multiscale complex systems, and some parameters characterizing the multiscale complexity are in fact altered in pathological states, showing potential usability as a new type of ambient diagnostic and/or prognostic tools. For example, parameters characterizing increased intermittency of HRV are found to be potentially useful in detecting abnormality in the state of the autonomic nervous system, in particular the sympathetic hyperactivity, and intermittency parameters of SPA might also be useful in evaluating symptoms of psychiatric patients with depressive as well as manic episodes, all in the daily settings. Therefore, multiscale analysis might be a useful tool to extract information on clinical events occurring at multiple time scales during daily life and the underlying physiological control mechanisms from biomedical ILD.
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Toru Nakamura, Ken Kiyono, Herwig Wendt, Patrice Abry, Yoshiharu Yamamoto. Multiscale Analysis of Intensive Longitudinal Biomedical Signals and its Clinical Applications. Proceedings of the IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2016, vol. 104 (n° 2), pp. 242-261. ⟨10.1109/JPROC.2015.2491979⟩. ⟨hal-01518074⟩

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