Troubles identitaires en grec classique: la séquence pronom personnel + ὅστις

Richard Faure 1
1 BCL, équipe Linguistique de l’énonciation
BCL - Bases, Corpus, Langage (UMR 7320 - UNS / CNRS)
Abstract : In this παπερ, we examine a puzzling usage of the relative ὅστις. In spite of its indefinite semantics, it can show up with definite terms, an issue first raised a long time ago. We claim here that these expressions [definite term + ὅστις] actually come in three clearly distinct types, none of which can be explained as a neutralization with ὅς, nor by means of the generalizing meaning of ὅστις. In the first case, we are dealing with a rare formula and its variants (ὅστις νῦν + passive verb) limited to the historical literature. In the second case, ὅστις means ‘whoever’. We focus on the third case in this study. The ὅστις relative clause plays a role at two levels. First it determines the noun to which it is attached (as ὅς may), second it is an argument in favor of a disputable speech act (an option not available to ὅς). We argue that this pragmatic usage is just an instance of the more general, non identificational semantics of ὅστις.
Mots-clés : syntaxe relatives emotion
Type de document :
Communication dans un congrès
Association des Études grecques, Jan 2016, Paris, France. Actes de l'Association des Études grecques (Revue des études grecques), 129, pp.XIV-XV, 2016
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01514049
Contributeur : Richard Faure <>
Soumis le : mardi 25 avril 2017 - 15:50:50
Dernière modification le : jeudi 3 mai 2018 - 12:52:02

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Richard Faure. Troubles identitaires en grec classique: la séquence pronom personnel + ὅστις. Association des Études grecques, Jan 2016, Paris, France. Actes de l'Association des Études grecques (Revue des études grecques), 129, pp.XIV-XV, 2016. 〈hal-01514049〉

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