Electronic structure of CdSe-ZnS 2D nanoplatelets

Abstract : Among colloidal nanocrystals, 2D nanoplatelets (NPLs) made of cadmium chalcogenides have led to especially well controlled optical features. However, the growth of core shell heterostructures has so far been mostly focused on CdS shells, while more confined materials will be more promising to decouple the emitting quantum states of the core from their external environment. Using k·p simulation, we demonstrate that a ZnS shell reduces by a factor 10 the leakage of the wavefunction into the surrounding medium. Using X-ray photoemission (XPS), we confirm that the CdSe active layer is indeed unoxidized. Finally, we build an effective electronic spectrum for these CdSe/ZnS NPLs on an absolute energy scale which is a critical set of parameters for the future integration of this material into optoelectronic devices. We determine the work function (WF) to be 4.47 eV while the material is behaving as an n-type semiconductor.
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Hervé Cruguel, Clément Livache, Bertille Martinez, Silvia Pedetti, Debora Pierucci, et al.. Electronic structure of CdSe-ZnS 2D nanoplatelets. Applied Physics Letters, American Institute of Physics, 2017, 110 (15), pp.152103. ⟨10.1063/1.4980065⟩. ⟨hal-01508744⟩



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