Drop size distribution monitoring of oil-in-water emulsions in SMX+ static mixers: Effect of operating and geometrical conditions

Abstract : Static mixers provide enhanced mixing via a motionless element inside a rigid pipe, and are widely used for continuous mixing and blending in industry. This study focuses on the emulsification of a silicon oil-in-water system stabilized by a surfactant through SMX+ ® static mixers involving no mass transfer between the two phases. The experiments covered a large domain of dispersed fraction from dilute conditions (5 %vol.) up to concentrated ones (60 %vol.) close to phase inversion and three different viscosities from 20 to 350 mPa s with transitional or turbulent flow regimes. The number of static mixers was studied until a constant drop size distribution monitored at line with a video probe was obtained. With the considered flow rates, only the five first SMX+ elements were necessary to achieve a complete drop breakup and coalescence equilibrium, the following ones only causing a supplementary pressure drop. The influence of the number of SMX+ and energy dissipation rate was found to be of first order 2 compared to the volume fraction or viscosity of the dispersed phase. According to the large amount of data, it was possible to establish a new form of a Middleman correlation dedicated to this type of mixer of new generation. The formula takes into account the number of static mixers besides other hydrodynamic and physicochemical parameters.
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International Journal of Multiphase Flow, Elsevier, 2017, 92, pp.61 - 69. 〈10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2017.03.001〉
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F Chabanon, F Sheibat-Othman, F Mdere, F Valour, F Urbaniak, et al.. Drop size distribution monitoring of oil-in-water emulsions in SMX+ static mixers: Effect of operating and geometrical conditions. International Journal of Multiphase Flow, Elsevier, 2017, 92, pp.61 - 69. 〈10.1016/j.ijmultiphaseflow.2017.03.001〉. 〈hal-01507424〉

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