Abstract : We prove a quantum-ergodicity theorem on large graphs, for eigenfunctions of Schrödinger operators in a very general setting. We consider a sequence of finite graphs endowed with discrete Schrödinger operators, assumed to have a local weak limit. We assume that our graphs have few short loops, in other words that the limit model is a random rooted tree endowed with a random discrete Schrödinger operator. We show that absolutely continuous spectrum for the infinite model, reinforced by a good control of the moments of the Green function, imply " quantum ergodicity " , a form of spatial delocalization for eigenfunctions of the finite graphs approximating the tree. This roughly says that the eigenfunctions become equidistributed in phase space. Our result applies in particular to graphs converging to the Anderson model on a regular tree, in the régime of extended states studied by Klein and Aizenman–Warzel.