Surfing on protein waves: proteophoresis as a mechanism for bacterial genome partitioning

Abstract : Efficient bacterial chromosome segregation typically requires the coordinated action of a three-component machinery, fueled by adenosine triphosphate, called the partition complex. We present a phenomenological model accounting for the dynamic activity of this system that is also relevant for the physics of catalytic particles in active environments. The model is obtained by coupling simple linear reaction-diffusion equations with a proteophoresis, or “volumetric” chemophoresis, force field that arises from protein-protein interactions and provides a physically viable mechanism for complex translocation. This minimal description captures most known experimental observations: dynamic oscillations of complex components, complex separation, and subsequent symmetrical positioning. The predictions of our model are in phenomenological agreement with and provide substantial insight into recent experiments. From a nonlinear physics view point, this system explores the active separation of matter at micrometric scales with a dynamical instability between static positioning and traveling wave regimes triggered by the dynamical spontaneous breaking of rotational symmetry.
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Soumis le : mardi 21 mars 2017 - 11:25:36
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 06:23:21

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Jean-Charles Walter, Jerome Dorignac, Vladimir Lorman, Jérôme Rech, Jean-Yves Bouet, et al.. Surfing on protein waves: proteophoresis as a mechanism for bacterial genome partitioning. Physical Review Letters, American Physical Society, 2017, 119 (2), pp.028101. 〈10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.028101〉. 〈hal-01493262〉



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