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Pastis: a Higly-Scalable Multi-User Peer-to-Peer File System

Jean-Michel Busca 1 Fabio Picconi 1 Pierre Sens 1
1 Regal - Large-Scale Distributed Systems and Applications
LIP6 - Laboratoire d'Informatique de Paris 6, Inria Paris-Rocquencourt
Abstract : We introduce Pastis, a completely decentralized multi-user read-write peer-to-peer file system. In Pastis every file is described by a modifiable inode-like structure which contains the addresses of the immutable blocks in which the file contents are stored. All data are stored using the Past distributed hash table (DHT), which we have modified in order to reduce the number of network messages it generates, thus optimizing replica retrieval. Pastis’ design is simple compared to other existing systems, as it does not require complex algorithms like Byzantine-fault tolerant (BFT) replication or a central administrative authority. It is also highly scalable in terms of the number of network nodes and users sharing a given file or portion of the file system. Furthermore, Pastis takes advantage of the fault tolerance and good locality properties of its underlying storage layer, the Past DHT. We have developed a prototype based on the FreePastry open-source implementation of the Past DHT. We have used this prototype to evaluate several characteristics of our file system design. Supporting the close-to-open consistency model, plus a variant of the read-your-writes model, our prototype shows that Pastis is between 1.4 to 1.8 times slower than NFS. In comparison, Ivy and Oceanstore are between two to three times slower than NFS.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01490954
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 16, 2017 - 11:01:50 AM
Last modification on : Friday, January 8, 2021 - 5:46:03 PM

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Jean-Michel Busca, Fabio Picconi, Pierre Sens. Pastis: a Higly-Scalable Multi-User Peer-to-Peer File System. Euro-Par 2005, Aug 2005, Lisboa, Portugal. pp.1173-1182, ⟨10.1007/11549468_128⟩. ⟨hal-01490954⟩

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