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Abstract : Gansu Province borders Qinghai to the southwest and Xinjiang to the west, and is unusual in its long geographical shape. It is crossed by an anthropological and linguistic corridor where several ethnicities and languages are found. Known as the Hexi corridor (“west of the Yellow River”), it partially coincides with the famous Silk Road. Nine ethnic groups are found in this corridor: Han (Chinese), Hui (Muslim), Dongxiang (Santa), Bao’an (Baonan), Monguor (Tu), East Yugur, West Yugur, Salar, and Amdo Tibetan. These peoples speak languages belonging to two large language families: Chinese and Amdo Tibetan belong to the Sino-Tibetan family, and the Mongolic and Turkic languages belong to the Altaic family. Our article deals with the Tangwang language, which Chen Yuanlong [Ibrahim] (1985) first described in a publication. This language shares the characteristics of the other languages in this region, having predominantly Chinese vocabulary with some words borrowed from Arabic and Mongolian. The word order is predominantly SOV (subject-object-verb), an order which is common to all Altaic languages, while SVO is also accepted in some cases (recall that the word order in Chinese is SVO). The languages in this region all borrowed their case system from Mongolic languages (or dialects), while Chinese is a morphologically poor language. The languages in this region are in the process of losing their tones, and the degree of loss varies from region to region, while Standard Chinese has four tones.
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Contributor : Dan Xu <>
Submitted on : Friday, February 24, 2017 - 4:31:02 PM
Last modification on : Monday, December 7, 2020 - 3:22:14 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, May 25, 2017 - 1:54:07 PM


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  • HAL Id : hal-01476241, version 1


Dan Xu. 唐汪话的格标记. 中国语文 Zhōngguó Yǔwén [Studies of the Chinese Language], 社会科学文献出版社, 2011, 2. ⟨hal-01476241⟩



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