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High throughput three-dimensional imaging of myelin fibers in the whole mouse brain

Abstract : IntroductionInjury to the white matter (WM) leads to severe functional loss in many neurological diseases such as stroke and multiple sclerosis. In-vivo neuroimaging techniques such as diffusion tensor imaging are becoming important tools for the diagnosis of WM abnormalities. However, these tools still present limitations and there is a crucial need for whole-brain ex-vivo complementary approaches to overcome them [1]. We propose a novel three dimensional (3D) imaging method to map the myelin fibers in the whole mouse brain with high throughput using in-line phase contrast X-ray tomography. MethodsTwelve C57Bl6 mice were included in the present study (stroke: N=3, focal demyelination: N=2, healthy&sham: N=7). The impact of fixation was examined in 5 of the healthy brains fixed either by paraformaldehyde (PFA) 4% or ethanol (range [25%-96%]). All subsequent brains were fixed with ethanol 96%. Imaging was performed on beamline ID19 at ESRF at 19keV as described in [2]. An indirect detection-based detector with a LuAg scintillator, standard microscope optics and a 2048x2048 pixel CCD camera was positioned 1-m from the sample to obtain phase contrast. The whole-brain data set was acquired at an isotropic pixel size of 7.5-µm. Acquisition time was 14 minutes per brain. 3D images were reconstructed by Filtered Backprojection after phase retrieval based on [3]. ResultsIn contrast to PFA fixation, ethanol >50% led to hyperintense WM fibers, allowing accurate 3D representation of main fiber tracts (Fig 1). Our imaging approach revealed the complexity of fiber orientations and intrication, and distinguished individual axons in the fiber bundle (see st in Fig 1A). Focal WM lesions were clearly depicted both at the macroscopic (Fig 1: CPu and int demyelination, plain arrow; other lesions, arrow heads) and microscopic (Fig 1: st demyelination, thin arrow) levels. ConclusionThe proposed setup permits brain-wide studies of fiber tracts and of their structural changes in diseases, using conventional animal models, minimal sample preparation, and with the potential to scan 30 brains in an 8-hours shift. AcknowledgmentsLABEX PRIMES (ANR-11-LABX-0063)-ESRF (project LS-2292)
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Contributor : Béatrice Rayet Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, February 13, 2017 - 1:53:45 PM
Last modification on : Monday, November 22, 2021 - 9:26:07 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, May 14, 2017 - 2:21:38 PM


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H. Rositi, Violaine Hubert, L. Weber, E. Ong, L.-P. Berner, et al.. High throughput three-dimensional imaging of myelin fibers in the whole mouse brain. User -Dedicated Microsymposium 2 (UDM2) ESRF user meeting 2017 - Quantitative coherent X -ray diffraction imaging, Feb 2017, Grenoble, France. ⟨hal-01466159⟩



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