Culture of previously uncultured members of the human gut microbiota by culturomics

Jean-Christophe Lagier 1 Saber Khelaifia 2 Maryam Tidjani Alou Sokhna Ndongo Niokhor Dione Perrine Hugon 1 Aurelia Caputo 3 Frederic Cadoret 2 Sory Ibrahima Traore El Hadji Seck Gregory Dubourg 1 Guillaume Durand 4 Gaël Mourembou 1, 5 Elodie Guilhot Amadou Togo 6 Sara Bellali Dipankar Bachar 1 Nadim Cassir 1 Fadi Bittar 1 Jeremy Delerce 1 Morgane Mailhe Davide Ricaboni Melhem Bilen Nicole Prisca Makaya Dangui Nieko Ndeye Mery Dia Badiane Camille Valles Donia Mouelhi Khoudia Diop Matthieu Million 1 Didier Musso 1 Jonatas Abrahao 1 Esam Ibraheem Azhar Fehmida Bibi Muhammad Yasir Aldiouma Diallo 7 Cheikh Sokhna 1 Félix Djossou 8, 9 Véronique Vitton 10, 11 Catherine Robert 1 Jean-Marc Rolain 1 Bernard La Scola 1 Pierre-Edouard Fournier 1 Anthony Levasseur 1 Didier Raoult 1
Abstract : Metagenomics revolutionized the understanding of the relations among the human microbiome, health and diseases, but generated a countless number of sequences that have not been assigned to a known microorganism(1). The pure culture of prokaryotes, neglected in recent decades, remains essential to elucidating the role of these organisms(2). We recently introduced microbial culturomics, a culturing approach that uses multiple culture conditions and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight and 16S rRNA for identification(2). Here, we have selected the best culture conditions to increase the number of studied samples and have applied new protocols (fresh-sample inoculation; detection of microcolonies and specific cultures of Proteobacteria and microaerophilic and halophilic prokaryotes) to address the weaknesses of the previous studies(3-5). We identified 1,057 prokaryotic species, thereby adding 531 species to the human gut repertoire: 146 bacteria known in humans but not in the gut, 187 bacteria and 1 archaea not previously isolated in humans, and 197 potentially new species. Genome sequencing was performed on the new species. By comparing the results of the metagenomic and culturomic analyses, we show that the use of culturomics allows the culture of organisms corresponding to sequences previously not assigned. Altogether, culturomics doubles the number of species isolated at least once from the human gut.
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Nature Microbiology, Nature Publishing Group, 2016, 1 (12), 〈10.1038/NMICROBIOL.2016.203〉
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Soumis le : jeudi 2 février 2017 - 16:42:21
Dernière modification le : lundi 27 août 2018 - 09:44:39

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Jean-Christophe Lagier, Saber Khelaifia, Maryam Tidjani Alou, Sokhna Ndongo, Niokhor Dione, et al.. Culture of previously uncultured members of the human gut microbiota by culturomics. Nature Microbiology, Nature Publishing Group, 2016, 1 (12), 〈10.1038/NMICROBIOL.2016.203〉. 〈hal-01453324〉

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