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Visual Odometry and Low Optic Flow Measurement by Means of a Vibrating Artificial Compound Eye

Abstract : In this study, a tiny artificial compound eye (diameter 15mm) named CurvACE (which stands for Curved Artificial Compound Eye), was endowed with hyperacuity, based on an active visual process inspired by the retinal micro-movements occurring in the fly's compound eye. A periodic (1-D, 50-Hz) micro-scanning movement with a range of a few degrees (5 degrees) enables the active CurvACE to locate contrasting objects with a 40-fold greater accuracy which was restricted by the narrow interommatidial angle of about 4.2 degrees. This local hyperacuity was extended to a large number of adjacent ommatidia in a novel visual processing algorithm, which merges the output signals of the local processing units running in parallel on a tiny, cheap micro-controller requiring very few computational resources. Tests performed in a textured (indoor) or natural (outdoor) environment showed that the active compound eye serves as a contactless angular position sensing device, which is able to assess its angular position relative to the visual environment. As a consequence, the vibrating compound eye is able to measure very low rotational optic flow up to 20 degrees/s and perform a short range odometry knowing the altitude, which are two tasks of great interest for robotic applications.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01446793
Contributor : Stéphane Viollet <>
Submitted on : Thursday, January 26, 2017 - 12:23:09 PM
Last modification on : Monday, March 29, 2021 - 1:44:07 PM

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Fabien Colonnier, Augustin Manecy, Raphaël Juston, Stéphane Viollet. Visual Odometry and Low Optic Flow Measurement by Means of a Vibrating Artificial Compound Eye. BIOMIMETIC AND BIOHYBRID SYSTEMS, LIVING MACHINES 2015, 2015, Unknown, Unknown Region. pp.153-163, ⟨10.1007/978-3-319-22979-9_16⟩. ⟨hal-01446793⟩

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