Reliability analysis of high-dimensional models using low-rank tensor approximations

Abstract : Engineering and applied sciences use models of increasing complexity to simulate the behavior of manufactured and physical systems. Propagation of uncertainties from the input to a response quantity of interest through such models may become intractable in cases when a single simulation is time demanding. Particularly challenging is the reliability analysis of systems represented by computationally costly models, because of the large number of model evaluations that are typically required to estimate small probabilities of failure. In this paper, we demonstrate the potential of a newly emerged meta-modeling technique known as low-rank tensor approximations to address this limitation. This technique is especially promising for high-dimensional problems because: (i) the number of unknowns in the generic functional form of the meta-model grows only linearly with the input dimension and (ii) such approximations can be constructed by relying on a series of minimization problems of small size independent of the input dimension. In example applications involving finite-element models pertinent to structural mechanics and heat conduction, low-rank tensor approximations built with polynomial bases are found to outperform the popular sparse polynomial chaos expansions in the estimation of tail probabilities when small experimental designs are used. It should be emphasized that contrary to methods particularly targeted to reliability analysis, the meta-modeling approach also provides a full probabilistic description of the model response, which can be used to estimate any statistical measure of interest.
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K. Konakli, B. Sudret. Reliability analysis of high-dimensional models using low-rank tensor approximations. Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics, Elsevier, 2016, 〈10.1016/j.probengmech.2016.08.002〉. 〈hal-01428991〉

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