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Modèles d'évolution et d'échanges entre langues : notes sur quelques débats récents concernant la famille ouralienne

Abstract : This article discusses the notion of model of language evolution and its application to the Uralic language family. We first describe the most famous model, namely the tree model that is still widely used today. We underline some limitations of this model and examine different alternative proposals aiming at promoting the concept of “horizontal exchange” between languages, that is to say loans and cross-influences between languages in contact. In the second part of the paper, we focus on Sami languages that cannot be modelled by the traditional genealogical model. We show that the inclusion of different types of information (lexical, phonetic, morphological) is required so as to give a more complex but also more accurate description of these languages.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01420718
Contributor : Thierry Poibeau <>
Submitted on : Sunday, December 25, 2016 - 11:12:48 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 5, 2021 - 5:28:07 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, March 20, 2017 - 11:07:53 PM

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Thierry Poibeau. Modèles d'évolution et d'échanges entre langues : notes sur quelques débats récents concernant la famille ouralienne. Études finno-ougriennes, Presses de l'Inalco, 2017, 48. ⟨hal-01420718⟩

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