Abstract : This work addresses the solvability and solution of volume integrodifferential equations (VIEs) associated with 3D free-space transmission problems (FSTPs) involving elastic or conductive inhomogeneities. A modified version of the singular volume integral equation (SVIE) associated with the VIE is introduced and shown to be of second kind involving a contraction operator, i.e. solvable by Neumann series, implying the well-posedness of the initial VIE. Then, the solvability of VIEs for frequency-domain FSTPs (modelling the scattering of waves by compactly-supported inhomogeneities) follows by a compact perturbation argument. This approach extends work by Potthast (1999) on 2D electromagnetic problems (transverse-electric polarization conditions) involving orthotropic inhomogeneities in a isotropic background, and contains recent results on the solvability of Eshelby's equivalent inclusion problem as special cases. The proposed modified SVIE is also useful for iterative solution methods, as Neumannn series converge (i) unconditionally for static problems and (ii) on some inhomogeneity configurations for which divergence occurs with the usual SVIE for wave scattering problems.