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Systematic study of the spin stiffness dependence on phosphorus alloying in the ferromagnetic semiconductor (Ga,Mn)As

Abstract : We study the dependence of the spin stiffness constant on the phosphorus concentration in the ferromagnetic semiconductor (Ga,Mn)(As,P) with the aim of determining whether alloying with phosphorus is detrimental, neutral, or advantageous to the spin stiffness. Time-resolved magneto- optical experiments are carried out in thin epilayers. Laser pulses excite two perpendicular standing spin wave modes, which are exchange related. We show that the first mode is spatially uniform across the layer corresponding to a k = 0 wavevector. From the two frequencies and k-vector spac ings we obtain the spin stiffness constant for different phosphorus concentrations using weak sur- face pinning conditions. The mode assessment is checked by comparison to the spin stiffness obtained from domain pattern analysis for samples with out-of-plane magnetization. The spin stiff- ness is found to exhibit little variation with phosphorus concentration in contradiction with ab-initio predictions.
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S Shihab, H Riahi, L. Thevenard, H von Bardeleben, Aristide Lemaître, et al.. Systematic study of the spin stiffness dependence on phosphorus alloying in the ferromagnetic semiconductor (Ga,Mn)As. Applied Physics Letters, American Institute of Physics, 2015, 106 (14), pp.142408. ⟨10.1063/1.4917423⟩. ⟨hal-01416609⟩

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