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The AvrE superfamily: ancestral type III effectors involved in suppression of pathogen-associated molecular pattern-triggered immunity

Abstract :

The AvrE superfamily of type III effectors (T3Es) is widespread among type III-dependent phytobacteria and plays a crucial role during bacterial pathogenesis. Members of the AvrE superfamily are vertically inherited core effectors, indicating an ancestral acquisition of these effectors in bacterial plant pathogens. AvrE-T3Es contribute significantly to virulence by suppressing pathogen-associated molecular pattern (PAMP)-triggered immunity. They inhibit salicylic acid-mediated plant defences, interfere with vesicular trafficking and promote bacterial growth in planta. AvrE-T3Es elicit cell death in both host and non-host plants independent of any known plant resistance protein, suggesting an original interaction with the plant immune system. Recent studies in yeast have indicated that they activate protein phosphatase 2A and inhibit serine palmitoyl transferase, the first enzyme of the sphingolipid biosynthesis pathway. In this review, we describe the current picture that has emerged from studies of the different members of this fascinating large family.

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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01397129
Contributor : Okina Université d'Angers <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 15, 2016 - 2:54:25 PM
Last modification on : Monday, December 14, 2020 - 9:43:51 AM

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Alexandre Degrave, Sabrina Siamer, Tristan Boureau, Marie-Anne Barny. The AvrE superfamily: ancestral type III effectors involved in suppression of pathogen-associated molecular pattern-triggered immunity. Molecular Plant Pathology, Wiley, 2015, 16 (8), pp.899-905. ⟨10.1111/mpp.12237⟩. ⟨hal-01397129⟩

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