Cellulose oligomers production and separation for the synthesis of new fully bio-based amphiphilic compounds

Abstract : Cellulose oligomers are water-soluble, on the contrary to cellulose, which greatly increase their application range. In this study, cellulose oligomers were obtained from the acidic hydrolysis of cellulose with phosphoric acid. The global yield in water-soluble oligomers was around 23% with polymerization degree (DP) ranging from 1 to 12. The cellulose oligomers DP distribution was successfully reduced by differential solubilisation in methanol as one of the goals of this work was to avoid the use of a time-consuming full chromatographic separation. The methanol -soluble oligomers were mainly low DP (<= 3). The oligomers of higher molar mass, composed of 42% of cellotetraose and 36% of cellopentaose, were then functionalized and coupled with stearic acid through azide-alkyne click chemistry to obtain amphiphilic compounds. The self -assembly of these new bio-based compounds was finally investigated by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and their critical micellar concentration (CMC) was found to be in the same range as alkylmaltosides and alkylglucosides. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 9, 2016 - 11:36:42 AM
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Elise Billes, Kelechukwu N. Onwukamike, Véronique Coma, Stéphane Grelier, Frédéric Peruch. Cellulose oligomers production and separation for the synthesis of new fully bio-based amphiphilic compounds. Carbohydrate Polymers, Elsevier, 2016, 154, pp.121-128. ⟨10.1016/j.carbpol.2016.07.107⟩. ⟨hal-01394338⟩

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