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Designing techniques for systemic impact: lessons from C-K theory and matroid structures

Abstract : As underlined in Arthur " s book " the nature of technology " we are very knowledgeable on the design of objects, services or technical systems, but we don " t know much on the dynamics of technologies. Still contemporary innovation often consists in designing techniques with systemic impact. They are pervasive– both invasive and perturbing-, they recompose the family of techniques. Can we model the impact and the design of such techniques? More specifically: how can one design generic technology, ie a single technology that provokes a complete reordering of families of techniques? Recent advances in design theories open new possibilities to answer these questions. In this paper we use C-K design theory and a matroid-based model of the set of techniques to propose a new model (C-K/Ma) of the dynamics of techniques, accounting for the design of generic technologies. We show: F1: C-K/Ma offers a computational model for designing a technique with systemic impact. This model sheds new light on the logics of combination in design – the model helps to identify four logics of " combinations " , from non-generative combinatorics to generative one.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 28, 2016 - 5:53:32 PM
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Pascal Le Masson, Armand Hatchuel, Olga Kokshagina, Benoit Weil. Designing techniques for systemic impact: lessons from C-K theory and matroid structures. Research in Engineering Design, Springer Verlag, 2016, 28, p. 275-298. ⟨10.1007/s00163-016-0241-4⟩. ⟨hal-01389630⟩



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